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Kathryn Sabo

Joined: Mar 29, 2012
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Piracy in Somalia
May 7, 2012

If there were a global competition to find the platonic ideal of a failed state, then bookmakers would probably stop taking bets on Somalia.

The east African nation has no central, functioning politics, nor an army or police force worthy of the titles. Parts of the country are riven by civil war and simmering tribal disputes, Islamic extremists lay siege to the capital, Mogadishu, and the only flourishing sectors of the economy seem to be gun running, drug distribution and PIRACY (as in pirates!).

I was made known about this topic through Farhad Miriany (a TIG member)

Many of the world’s most powerful navies are involved. The French and American ones have killed Somali pirates while freeing their own citizens.

Yet the pirates are still hijacking ships and receiving ransoms with apparent impunity.

The problem is far from solved. As ransoms go up and get paid, pirates will think it worth taking the risk. Above all, they are sure to persist as long as most of Somalia, including its ports along the coast, remains an ungovernable state.

thoughts?

This post was edited on: 2012-05-07 at 03:18 PM by: Kathryn Sabo (Moderator)

This post was edited on: 2012-05-10 at 10:16 AM by: Kathryn Sabo (Moderator)

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Farhad

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Re: Piracy in Somalia
May 9, 2012

I thank Kathryn for opening this discussion.

At the moment, I could say that it seems Somalia youth are forgotten.
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Farhad


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Abhijith Jayanthi

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Re: Piracy in Somalia
May 10, 2012

It is thoroughly unfortunate - Education plays a vital role in restructuring any situation. Youth of Somalia do not have access to good educational platforms, coupled with acute shortage of work opportunities to meet basic requirements create a complex situation.

I hope there is a positive intervention and investments flow into education and skill set development. Added to that, I also wish to state the hegemony of few nations - through various multilateral organizations (which have now come to be mere puppets in the hand of these nations and nothing else) is another important reason. Few Nations do not wish to see Somalia adapt progressive agenda, and this happens through various direct and indirect mechanisms possible.

I hope every man learns to respect the fact that those we are dealing with far away from where we belong to - are humans too and they deserve a better life.
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Mr. Abhijith Jayanthi
Managing Coordinator - Global Issues

This post was edited on: 2012-05-10 at 03:50 PM by: Abhijith J


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Farhad

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Re: Piracy in Somalia
May 18, 2012

Briefly we may include the following items as the main elements of Piracy in Somalia waters:

1- Lack of an effective education system: most youth do not get educated.
2- Lack of employment: most youth are not employed on decent and lawful jobs.
3- Poverty: it may be considered the main element. Poor people are harmed and may harm others due to poverty.
4- General mental pressures: youth are constantly told that their waters are illegally used for fishing by other nations and this has caused the youth to believe that they are defending their country on the interests of Somalia (I believe the international community is responsible to provide justifications for this element).

And certainly, it is the international community who may use all the potentials (and not only the armed forces) to end the piracy and to find sustainable solutions to the benefit of Somalia and the rest of the world.
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Farhad


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Ikram Ullah

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Re: Piracy in Somalia
May 20, 2012

This is all because of the cold war due to the American policies there. Here Russians and Americans tried to influence the diktats in Somalia which caused the rift, factionalism and ultimately cold war, killing thousands. So people due to there desperate conditions took to things like piracy. Now what can be done is the Global programs to upgrade the status of the somalians. First of all the hunger in Somalia needs to dealt with, if that is done certainly the crimes related to it will come down.


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Guuleed Yuusuf Idaan

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Re: Piracy in Somalia
May 20, 2012

Thanking to every remembered the real situation of the Somalia, and all participants of this debate
In order to develop a coordinated response to the challenge of maritime piracy along the Somali
coast
WHAT DRIVES PIRACY IN SOMALIA?
There are many factors that drive piracy in Somalia. One should not be surprised that piracy has taken root in Somalia given the social upheavals, human hardship, environmental degradation and the entrepreneurial spirit of the Somali. Piracy is flourishing in Somalia as it is a quick way for all involved to earn a large amount of money way beyond any other means of income generation. While the action of piracy involves some risk the benefits far outweigh that risk, a fact indicated by the few arrests made and less deaths and injury suffered by pirates to date. Poverty, lack of employment, environmental hardship, pitifully low incomes, reduction of pastoralist and maritime resources due to drought and illegal fishing and a volatile security and political situation all contribute to the rise and continuance of piracy in Somalia. This situation will remain so until there is an effective and simultaneous action taken against the pirate trade and an alternative means of income support mechanism implemented to replace it; otherwise criminal activity, in some shape or form, will continue to take priority as a means of generating income among the armed militias of Somalia. The pirates also firmly believe3 that they have every right and entitlement to attack illegal fishing vessels operating in their territorial waters as their fishing resources are being pillaged daily by international shipping vessels from Asia and Europe. The international community is fully aware that this illegal activity has been going on for nearly seventeen years but has taken no action against it. The pirates and most of the Somali Youth believe they are the only option to curtailing this injustice. Equally the pirates did admit that the initial idea of protecting their coast line has been hijacked to the current situation where any vulnerable vessel is a target. Targeting other ships is supposed to highlight the illegal shipping but has now become such a huge international problem that the origins for the initial actions have been forgotten. However, they do admit that humanitarian aid and other supporting commercial vessels should not be targeted for piratical gain.
large number of militia involved in piracy activities are unemployed youth without much formal or informal education. Their job prospects are therefore minimal, or in other words are limited to serve as militia men or security guards for which they are perhaps overqualified. Education levels are low, especially for the generation that should have gone to school after the civil war broke out in 1990. Subsequently, this proposal calls for a vocational training programme that will train large numbers of local youth. By improving the skills basis, it is expected to increase their chances to find employment in one Somalia’s traditional livelihoods and turn their backs on illegal activities such as piracy. The benefits are expected to be socio‐economic due to access to income by trainees and trainers, growth of the local economy, a curb on illegal activities such as piracy and potentially an improvement of pre and post‐natal care and survival rates of mother‐and‐child. COSTSBu the greatest causes of the Somalia Piracy is that the world neglected the youth of the Somalia ,and treated them as they are terror and piracy ,and marginalized them and even not giving them the opportunities that other youth of the world


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Farhad

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Re: Piracy in Somalia
May 24, 2012

In the last couple of days, I saw some reports of nuclear and toxic waste to be dumped in the Somalia waters.

I am wondering why and how UN is keeping quiet? Periodic Surveying of the area is a great help for finding all the facts.
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Farhad


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Farhad

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Re: Piracy in Somalia
Jun 1, 2012

According to the reports by Cathy Majtenyi and Aiko Shimizu Somali Waters have been used for dumping nuclear and toxic wastes.
UN Security Council especially the super powers are the main responsible ones. Other countries are also responsible in a percentage. It seems while the world has been busy on the impacts of 9/11, people of Somalia paid the price and became the victims of some operations which are definitely crimes.
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Farhad


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siddiqua

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Re: Piracy in Somalia
Jun 5, 2012

It is difficult to pinpoint the causes for piracy in Somalia. I know of a Somalian who has plans to start a cellular connection business in Somalia and who says that some parts of Somalia are quite peaceful and conducive for business. The piracy situation is similar to the prevalence of rebels in South America in the past decades, of kidnappings and ransoms. And yeah because of a weak state there is no strong functioning government that can tackle insurgents, infighting, rebels and pirates. The pirates have decided that high seas robbery is the best way to earn a living.


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Farhad

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Re: Piracy in Somalia
Sep 28, 2013

Unfortunately time is wasted and now terrorism is expanding to the cities and malls.
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Farhad


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